British biochemist who was awarded (with R.L.M. Synge) the Nobel Prize
for Chemistry in 1952 for development of paper partition chromatography,
a quick and economical analytical technique permitting extensive advances
in chemical, medical, and biological research.
Martin and Synge invented paper partition chromotography in 1944. Partition
chromatography depends on the partition, or distribution, of each component
of a mixture between two immiscible liquids. One of the liquids is held
stationary by strong adsorption on the surface of a finely divided solid
while the other flows through the interstices of the solid particles.
Any substance that preferentially dissolves in the mobile liquid is
more rapidly transported in the direction of flow than is a substance
that has greater affinity for the stationary liquid. In 1953 Martin
and A.T. James helped perfect gas chromatography, the separation of
chemical vapours by differential absorption on a porous solid.
Main Page | About Us | All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. Timeline of Nobel Prize Winners is not affiliated with The Nobel Foundation. External sites are not endorsed or supported by http://www.nobel-winners.com/ Copyright © 2003 All Rights Reserved.