Medawar was professor of zoology at the universities of Birmingham (1947-51) and London (1951-62), director of the National Institute for Medical Research, London (1962-71), professor of experimental medicine at the Royal Institution (1977-83), and president of the Royal Postgraduate Medical School (1981-87). He was knighted in 1965 and awarded the Order of Merit in 1981. Medawar's work resulted in a shift of emphasis in the science of immunology from one that attempts to deal with the fully developed immunity mechanism to one that attempts to alter the immunity mechanism itself, as in the attempt to suppress the body's rejection of organ transplants.
Medawar's works include The Uniqueness of the Individual (1957), The
Future of Man (1960), The Art of the Soluble (1967), The Hope of Progress
(1972), Life Science (1977), Pluto's Republic (1982), and his autobiography,
Memoir of a Thinking Radish (1986).
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