In 1955 Rotblat was among a handful of prominent scientists, including
Albert Einstein, who signed a manifesto by Bertrand Russell that criticized
the proliferation of nuclear arms. The manifesto led to the founding
of the Pugwash Conferences, named for the native village in Nova Scotia,
Can., of the industrialist and philanthropist Cyrus Eaton, where they
were inaugurated in 1957. The conferences have gathered scientists from
many countries and are held regularly at various sites throughout the
world. Rotblat published several works on the Pugwash movement, nuclear
physics, and world peace.
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