German physicist who, with James Franck, received the Nobel Prize for
Physics in 1925 for the Franck-Hertz experiment, which confirmed the
quantum theory that energy can be absorbed by an atom only in definite
amounts and provided an important confirmation of the Bohr atomic model.
In 1925 Hertz was appointed professor of physics at the University
of Halle and in 1928 professor of physics at the Technische Hochschule
in Berlin. In 1932 he devised a method of separating the isotopes of
neon. Hertz, from 1945 until 1954, was engaged in research in the Soviet
Union. He returned to East Germany in 1954 and was professor of physics
and director of the Physics Institute in Leipzig until 1961.
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