American physicist and winner of the 1972 Nobel Prize for Physics,
along with John Bardeen and John Robert Schrieffer, for his role in
developing the BCS (for their initials) theory of superconductivity.
The concept of Cooper electron pairs was named after him.
His principal contribution to the BCS theory was the discovery (1956) that electrons, which under normal conditions repel each other, are attracted to each other in superconductors, a phenomenon termed the Cooper electron pairs.
He lectured extensively abroad and took a special interest in teaching
physics to humanities students. His publications include An Introduction
to the Meaning and Structure of Physics (1968), Introduction to Methods
of Optimization (1970), and Methods and Applications of Linear Programming
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